Sciatica can be defined as inflammation of the sciatic nerve. It is the latter that allows mobility as well as the sensitivity of the lower part of the human body. People affected by this disease have often experienced pain in the lower back. Pregnant women can also suffer from sciatica due to some physical changes and hormonal changes. Sciatica can be treated with daily exercise. However, persistent pain requires a medical consultation. Here are a few treatments to take care of back pain.
Sciatica: Causes and Diagnosis
The most common cause of sciatica turns out to be a herniated disc. This is actually a disease of the intervertebral disc causing pain all along the leg. It is called sciatica. It can also be caused by excessive, unusual or false movements. Carrying an enormous load also triggers the same effect.
To treat sciatica, a diagnosis must first be made. Your doctor can easily see this by referring to the description and symptoms you refer to. You may be prescribed an X-ray or CT scan.
Anti-inflammatory or infiltration
If you have not yet seen your doctor, you can take a pain medication. This will not cure your back pain but will give you quick relief. Bed rest is strictly not recommended as it only makes sciatica worse. You must move unless the pain persists.
Anti-inflammatory drugs are the most effective treatment for sciatica. However, pharmacists do not give them to you without a doctor’s prescription. They can be paracetamol codeine, muscle relaxants or diclofenac (anti-inflammatory ketoprofen). Your doctor will prescribe corticosteroids if the anti-inflammatory drugs are not enough. Taking a corticosteroid orally lasts a maximum of 15 days. In case of failure, a corticoid injection will be recommended.
Some physiotherapy sessions
A program of physiotherapy sessions can improve sciatica. That said, consult a physiotherapist or an osteopath. 3 to 6 sessions can already give effective results. You should stop in the 3rd or 4th practice if you do not feel any effect. The physiotherapist will carry out some manipulations on the disc in order to release the tensions. There are also muscle strengthening exercises to complete a whole session.
Stretching exercises seem to be an effective treatment for sciatic pain. They can be painful, especially at first, but are safe. The idea of the exercise is to perform movements in order to regain the mobility of the lower part. To do this, make movements in the opposite direction to the painful position.